Whats With The 500 Internal Server Error

Surfing from one website to another is something everyone does very often. When performing this act, everybody must have at some point in time come across the ‘500 internal server error’. Once this error pops up, you will not be able to view the contents of the website. 

Most of the viewers after seeing this, will just go on to the alternative sites, but only a few have stopped and wondered what this “500 Internal Server Error” actually is. If you are one of those people, you are in the right place! Continue reading to know about ‘500 Internal Server Error’, its causes as well as possible ways to fix this error.

Overview of 500 Internal Server Error

When a site is facing internal issues, it often results in a ‘500 Internal Server Error’. Before diving deep into this topic, knowing about the working of the HTTP request is a must. Here’s what happens:

  • A request is made to the website (to view its contents)
  • The request is passed to the DNS server (this is where the desired site is found)
  • A response is sent to the browser of the client.

This is how a request is processed on the internet. So, technically the ‘500 Internal Server Error’ occurs on the server side and not on the browser of the client. So, this brings us to the next question – what are the reasons behind the occurrence of 500 internal server error?

Reasons Behind The Occurrence Of 500 Internal Server Errors

  1. Substantial server overload: The web server may reboot while you are working intensively on your site, briefly resulting in the ‘500 internal server error’. Try refreshing the site after a while if you think the server is under a lot of demand.
  2. File permission error: One of the issues that can be brought on by incorrect file permissions is the 500 error.
  3. PHP on the web server is out of memory: Heavy tasks might occasionally generate a 500 error and go over the PHP storage limit defined in the website hosting parameters.
  4. Corrupted or missing or .htaccess file: Due to the fact that it permits configuring and privilege changes for each directory, this file is quite crucial. Multiple failures such as the ‘500 internal server error’ can happen if that file includes incorrect information.
  5. Unable to connect to the respective database: Make sure the database is configured in your web host’s control panel and that your WordPress file system is established appropriately.
  6. Problems with themes and plugins: Your WordPress website could become unresponsive due to plugins and themes as well, and you might receive a ‘500 internal server error’. Try disabling them (themes and plugins) manually if this problem appeared after you recently installed a certain plugin or theme.
  7. Corrupted or invalid database: Your database may be having issues if you receive the ‘500 internal server error’. Make sure the database is built, prepared properly set up (the systems), and point to the appropriate database.

Fixing The ‘500 Internal Server Error’

When the web server encounters problems but is unable to tell what or where exactly the issue is, it will return a ‘500 internal server error’, which is commonly known as the HTTP error. You may have to try a variety of approaches before you discover a fix for the ‘500 internal server error’ issue because it is very generic. Given that you currently have accessibility to the web host control panel, you have additional options for fixing this mistake if it occurs on your website.

  1. Clearing the cache of the browser: Having to reload the website and emptying your cache of the browser can be helpful.
  2. Clearing the DNS cache: You may have to empty your DNS in addition to clearing the cache in your browser. To delete your cache, launch a window of a command prompt in Windows and enter ipconfig /flushdns, preceded by the enter button. Start a terminal window and then enter the following commands on macOS El Capitan or later versions- sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder; sudo dscacheutil -flushcache. Next, enter the required password and click the return key.
  3. Connection error to the destined database: The very same ‘500 internal server error’ frequently appears when this WordPress-specific problem occurs. Ensure that the WordPress configuration file is configured properly.
  4. Permission error: Your WordPress implementation requires particular permissions for each file. The file privileges must be set to 644, which grants the owner (you) read-write permissions while granting everybody else read-only access. To modify the permissions of the file, utilize your local FTP client or the file manager provided by your web host service.
  5. The memory limit of PHP is reached: Try altering the value using the control panel for your site hosting services.
  6. The core of WordPress must be re-installed: Reinstalling all of it on our WordPress dashboard is the last resort.

Final Verdict For The 500 Delusion

Now that you have come to know about the causes and the fixes for ‘500 internal server error’, you can try them out the next time you face this issue.

The Top 8 Reasons Behind Website Crashing

Website crashes can be frustrating. Most of the websites must have been through websites crashing at some point in time. There are various reasons behind a website crash, these reasons might be because of common or complex issues. Website crash affects the users of the site by making it not accessible to its intended users. 

The longer your website stays down, the more users and revenue the e-commerce site is going to lose. It is also going to break the trust of users in the long run. More than 45% of website users do not visit sites with low performance. 

“Website Crash” – What Does It Mean?

When a website stops functioning and displays an error message you can be sure that the website has crashed. After a website crash, the data or information on the website like pictures, videos, contents, etc will not be made available to the viewer. The browser will completely stop working if the website crashes. 

Possible indications that occur when a website crashes:

1. A server error message will be displayed. If there is an issue with the hosting server, “server error” will be displayed when you try to open the site link.

2. Domain Name System (DNS) error. If the DNS gets infected by malicious software or if it gets compromised the hosting provider will block the domain, which might result in the crashing of a website as well. 

3. Server down! The entire configuration settings must be changed if this happens. When a mail server is down, the mails which you send will not reach their destination. 

4. If the website is hosted on a shared server, the problem faced in one website will affect all the other sites on the server. This will cause all the sites to crash.

As you continue reading you will come to know about the various causes of website crashes and the methods which should be undertaken in order to prevent a website from crashing. 

Reasons For Websites To Crash

Mentioned below are some of the common reasons which cause a website to crash.

1. Virus or malware Attack

Virus attacks take place frequently over the internet. Virus attacks are not easy to handle, rather they are quite tricky. In order to prevent a website from crashing because of a virus attack, you should make sure that your website is secure. Check with your hosting provider, regarding the security measures that will be taken to keep the website running in a safe environment. A website should be hosted on reliable servers that are known to have high-end security features before purchasing and hosting the website.

2. Error in code

When the codes used in developing a website are not properly formatted or if they are not correctly coded, there are great chances for the site to crash. It does not matter whether there is a flaw in the front-end or the back-end code, even a minor flaw can cause a website to crash.

3. Domain Expiry

In case the domain you are using is outdated or has not been updated in a long time, There might be issues a website might face because of this reason. Owners do not automatically renew their domain before the deadline, they just wait for any update alerts before actually updating the domain. This gives room for numerous things to go wrong, website caching is one of them.

4. Hackers!

Hackers nowadays are off the leash. They infect and attack everything on the internet. All they need is a small loophole and they are in! The best way to avoid hackers crashing your site is by tightening your security measure and constantly monitoring the site’s activities.

5. Plugin Error

When incompatible plugins are added to a website or using plugins that are not up-to-date can cause a site to crash. The common solution that overcomes almost all these reasons, is to keep everything updated. 

6. High traffic

One of the most common reasons for a website to crash is when the site gets flooded with large traffic. This can easily occur to all the newly developed websites. High traffic can also be caused by Denial of service attacks (DoS) and distributed Denial of Service attacks (DDoS).

7. ISP Error

Servers might stop functions if the hosting provider faces any inconvenience. So, whenever a service provider is faced with a serious issue, servers stop functioning which will result in a website crash. This usually happens when the service provider fails to update their hardware and software applications. 

8. DNS Error

DNS stands for Domain Name Server, this server manages and maintains all the outcoming and incoming requests from the domain. If there is any hurdle in this process, users won’t be able to access the website.

Ways To Prevent A Website From Crashing

“Prevention is better than cure”- Preventing a website from crashing is far better than having to repair the site after it crashes. Once the website goes down the revenue goes down with it. It is not quite easy to gain users’ trust once that happens. 

Half the web users often expect a website to load within three seconds. So, try to prevent the site from crashing by following the below-mentioned pointers:

  • Make sure to renew your domain at regular intervals.
  • Never forget to update the plugins that are used. Always keep your website updated along with all its tools.
  • Make sure to check if the software is updated regularly as well.
  • Backup is a must. Be sure to backup all the data that your website owns, this will be helpful when you want to rebuild the site again from scratch.
  • Purchase the most reliable and reputed website hosting services. Check for added security features before making a purchase.


Website crashes might lead to a huge revenue loss. You can try to prevent it from happening by taking extreme measures but if the website still crashes because of complex issues, it is best to hire an expert to bring the website up and running in no time.

Top 10 Security Tips For Cloud And Hosted Servers

“Security is preparing for what’s next, not for what was lost”. With numerous breaches happening every few seconds, it is a need for all the people out there to know about the various security measures that should be taken, in order to avoid breaches. Here are the top ten tips that should be followed in order to keep the cloud and hosted servers secure and safeguarded. 

1. Backup

Just because all the data is stored in the cloud or any other hosting server in a secure manner, doesn’t mean that the clients should not back up the data somewhere else as well. Cloud and hosted servers can be compromised easily by several black hat hacker groups. Explicitly contracting for backup offerings is vital to absolutely have your statistics secured. 

Information replication to multiple places, at the same time when other active operations are carried out, is mandatory. It is also necessary to maintain a local copy of all the data and information of an organization or a company. Backup is important to restore data after a catastrophic incident and they also ensure enterprise continuity in a smooth manner. Backup is considered to be one of the most important security measures. 

2. Comprehensive User Policy

A Comprehensive user policy should possess strict guidelines that should be followed by the users. Comprehensive user policies might include:

  • Not leaving the computer in an insecure manner. That is, do not leave company laptops in a public place without supervision. 
  • Do not leave the cloud services logged in at all times. 
  • Do not connect to unsecured public wifi when not on the premises of the office.
  • The users should keep themselves updated on a regular basis regarding the different breaches that occur. 
  • The user should strictly follow the guidelines about when and where the company network must be accessed.

3. Strong Passwords 

Complicated passwords are a necessity. There are certain requirements that when fulfilled, will generate a strong secure password. The requirements are;

  • The length of the password should be at least eight characters.
  • Passwords should be a mixture of alphabets and numbers.
  • It is better to have special characters as well.
  • Change the password at regular intervals.

Avoid using the names of pets and other people as passwords. Use a strong unique password that will be hard to crack for the hackers using automatic tools.

4. Two-Factor Authentication

To keep the accounts more secure, make use of Two-factor authentication mechanisms. One-time password (OTP), biometric authentication, and answering additional questions are all examples of Two-factor authentication. 

Two-factor authentication is said to be time-consuming. But it is said that Two-factor authentication or multi-factor authentication is a great way to block unauthorized access from attackers. Reports from the year 2019 concluded that Two-factor authentication blocks almost 99.9% of automated attacks. 

5. Encryption

There are two different ways through which  Encryption can be carried out. The encryption process can be undertaken when data is stored in the cloud. In this  Encryption method, the data is stored and remains encrypted. The other  Encryption method happens when the data is transferred from the cloud. 

The data is encrypted as it gets transferred from the cloud to the other destination. It is encouraged to carry out both methods of Encryption to keep the data extra safe and secure. Encryption using strong algorithms makes it impossible for hackers to gain access to those data. 

6. Secure Communications

The dedicated or virtual hosting server communications should secure all communications. During a communication process, it should be made sure that both parties have secure communication channels. With the help of the service providers, secure communication protocols should be implemented. 

7. Service Contracts

Service contracts should be framed without any misunderstanding statements. Service contracts should be read carefully before being signed.  Service contracts must be detailed so that everyone will be able to understand who is responsible for what and what roles should each perform. 

8. Testing Phase

The cloud and the hosting server should be constantly tested for vulnerabilities. This can be done by running several security scans, and carrying out penetrating testing and vulnerability assessments on a regular basis in order to keep the cloud and hosting server protected. 

If any bugs or vulnerability is found they should be notified immediately so that respective teams can patch the vulnerability as soon as possible. With the help of the service provider, active assessments must be carried out. This process ensures that the hosting server and the cloud stay updated at all times.  

9. Know Everything

Always keep an eye on the data. Make sure you know where the data you’re looking for is present. Be aware of the things your data can do and be updated on the ways the data should be protected and transported. You must also be aware of how it should be shared whether through emails or pen drives. Knowing your data and its system in and out is key to maintaining a safe and secure cloud or hosting server.

10. Control Access

Even the excellent cloud security may be effortlessly compromised by “bring Your very own device policies”. In case you are allowing employees to make use of mobile gadgets to get entry into cloud sources, through remote access it should be properly controlled using access controls measures. 

As cloud management packages may be found in mobile versions, it is particularly necessary to ensure any tool authorized to run such programs is entirely managed and controlled by IT.

To Summarize

Though your data is hosted through hosting services or stored in a remote cloud, it is yours to take care of. Make sure to have security teams in place to guard your data at all costs. A security plan should always be in place and ready to be executed. These tips will help in maintaining a secure cloud and hosting service. Remember, securing your data is your responsibility and making sure you do it right.

Ways To Find The IP Address And The DNS Details

A website when hosted on a server has a unique IP address, details of the Domain Name System, and other sensitive information. There are many tools and online software that enables a user to find information about the target site. For example, WHOIS tools and ping commands help to locate the owner of the website. They provide up-to-date information that can be used to contact the owner of the website or the server. Hackers around the world use these methods during the footprinting stage to gather information about their target. 

Ways To Gather Information On, Who Hosts The Website

Given below are the two basic ways to find the IP address and DNS details of the target site. 

1. Ping Command

Ping operates by Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) packets. Pinging includes sending an ICMP echo request to the desired host and anticipating an ICMP echo reply. This system will report packet loss,  errors, and a summary of the statistical results. By using the ping command, the IP address of the website can be obtained. The Ping command is used to get the computer name and the IP address of a computer. They are commonly used to troubleshoot connectivity. The Ping command also lets the user know the time it takes for transmitting the data and getting a response.

The Ping command is simply used to check whether the server is responding to the sent requests or not. By providing either a domain name or an IP address, the user will be able to know whether the host replies to the ping request.

How to ping the target?

  • Open the command prompt by typing “cmd” on the search bar.
  • On the command prompt type “ping” followed by a space and the IP address.
  • The website name can also be typed in the place of the IP address.
  • Press Enter. The results of the ping command will be displayed.

Working on the ping command

A ping command works in three steps, they are;

  • Step 1: First of all an SYN packet is sent to the target from the user.
  • Step 2: The target will then reply with an ACK packet to the SYN packet.
  • Step 3: After this, the connection is established and the status of the target is known. 

Through this, the time taken to get a reply from the target is also known. This is how a ping command works. 

2. WHOIS Lookup

WHOIS searches permit most people to search for data primarily based on the grounds of, who internet locations are registered to, expiry statistics, when a domain has been created, name servers, and phone records. WHOIS is said to be a database that stores information about all the users that are registered with a domain name, IP address, and several other information. WHOIS is a legal way to gather information. 

Reverse WHOIS

Reverse WHOIS is a tool that permits you to look for domain names by means of the name, deal with, smartphone quantity, electronic mail address, or bodily deal with of the Registrant listed in the present day or historical WHOIS data.

How to use the WHOIS command?

  • Open the command prompt by typing “cmd” on the search bar.
  • On the command prompt type “WHOIS -v (website)”, then press enter.
  • The results of the WHOIS command will be displayed.

Alternative Approach

The simpler way of carrying out a WHOIS search is through online software. This can be done by following the below-mentioned steps.

  • Open google or any other search engine.
  • Search for WHOIS lookup online platform.
  • Type the name of the target website and press enter.
  • The desired results are displayed on the screen.

The ping command along with WHOIS lookup is used by hackers in the footprinting stage. The ping command combined with WHOIS lookup is an effective tool that when used in the right manner will provide all the necessary information that you are looking for. The ping command and WHOIS lookup are applicable to all the users regardless of their background knowledge in the Information Technology sector. 

These two tools can be made use of to the fullest when it comes to gathering information like the name of the server, other Domain Name System (DNS) information, expiry dates, Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, etc.

Privacy Measures

Instead of registering a domain using personal details, a piece of alternative contact information should be used. The alternative contact details can be the official mail address or the official contact number of the company. The location of the company or the organization can also be used. Non-public registration masks who registered the domain, however, it does not disguise the DNS and Registrar. Even though a site name is registered privately, you ought to be able to use the strategies above to decide on the web hosting company.

It is not always possible to know who owns the domain. Several registrars provide Protection against WHOIS lookup. This protection is put forth to protect the customers from spam, identity theft, and fraud. In cases where there is WHOIS protection, the WHOIS data of the registrar will be displayed. However, the registrar will contain all the details of its customers. 


The DNS lookup software retrieves domain name records for the specific domain name that you provide. You may use this to help diagnose issues and notice if the problem originates from the domain name server. The DNS Lookup tool returns only with (A) records. 

With the help of these two tools, we can gather information about the target like IP address and DNS details. There are various tools online that can be used to gather information about the target website. Several commands can be carried out from the command prompt itself. Making use of the right online tools and combining them with the command line tools, you will be able to find the exact information you are looking for.

How To Use Full Root Access To Better Optimize Your VPS?

Virtual Private Server Hosting or VPS Hosting is the place where numerous sites share a solitary actual server. This sounds like Shared Hosting, however, there are justifications for why VPS Hosting has many advantages over Shared Hosting and is viewed as a middle point between Shared and Dedicated Servers. In VPS Hosting, each site is detached from one another with every server getting a devoted arrangement of resources like disk space, processing power, and bandwidth.

Because of server virtualization and the utilization of hypervisor innovation, an actual server is partitioned into various virtual servers, each secluded from the other. Accordingly, the VPS engineering guarantees a ‘virtual’ and ‘private’ hosting arrangement, where each virtual server behaves like an independent server.

This security and seclusion permit VPS Hosting clients to access their servers to change, improve and set up the server according to their particular requirements. Full root access is this access to the server.

What is Root Access?

Root access suggests Linux executive access. In terms of an example, think about how you utilize your home PC. To delete or move any document or an application, you require administrator access in Windows. Instead of administrator access, the word ‘root’ is utilized in Linux operating systems. 

Also, most VPS are on Linux! Root access is to leave clients without any choice of changing, moving, or erasing significant PC documents. Root access gives a raised degree of admittance to your Linux machine.

Root Access in VPS Hosting

 In a modest VPS facilitating climate, root access grants unhindered, unlimited, and unchallenged admittance to servers. The necessity for root access comes from system administrators, who require limitless oversight over the server. System administrators habitually need to change designs, present outsider applications, change security settings, and so on to convey ideal site execution and security. Doing these tasks without root access is almost unbelievable. 

The greatest advantage of VPS engineering is root access. Every site in a VPS facilitating environment has a  fixed number of resources. The greatest gain of this VPS design is that each site can then be dealt with like a little, independent server. Moreover, when you have a free server for yourself, root access makes you capable of redoing your server in the manner you want it.

How To Use Full Root Access To Better Optimize Your VPS?

1. Port administration

Most digital hacks on sites occur through bots. These are dangerous pieces of code composed of programmers that naturally focus on a site and steal important pieces of information. What empowers these bots is the way that most site proprietors never show signs of change or close open ports.

The method for staying away from these assaults is twofold. First, close all ports that you’re not utilizing. Shutting these unused ports will bring down your exposure to the risk. The method for doing this is very straightforward when you have root access. You can simply request your server to list all the ports that are open but aren’t being utilized.

Second, change the default listening ports. For instance, the default SSH is named port 22 to listen port. You should change its name to another number. Most bots, at least in the present day, can’t go after your organization provided that you’ve changed the default ports.

2. Check if your servers are being utilized to spam individuals

The truth is that many individuals don’t understand when their sites or web servers are hacked. There are generally no signs of a hack. The issue with this is hackers can involve your web server and its assets for noxious purposes. With root access, you can browse and check if your email passwords are compromised. You can get a rundown of all the IP addresses that have gotten to your email account. This in itself is of no utilization because you might get to your email from various areas and gadgets.

However, the list shows the topographical areas of the IP addresses on a map. Along these lines, assuming your email is being accessed and used from gadgets that you don’t possess and from areas that you haven’t visited, you can realize that your email password has been compromised and is being utilized to spam individuals. It very well might be utilized for undeniably more loathsome purposes, yet messages that are taken are, as a general rule, used to spam target clients. A password change will typically fix this issue.

3. Control root access

This is one of the most essential responsibilities you have to deal with when you get root admittance to your VPS facilitating server. Root access permits you to adjust your entire framework. Nonetheless, assuming you are indistinct about how to use them, you could wind up harming your framework, and make it’s working unrecoverable. So you should make sure you give root access just to clients that know what they are doing and that require it. Keeping the gathering little will guarantee that the potential for botches is restricted too.

4. Disable all hotlinking

Theft of transfer speed or bandwidth is known as hotlinking. This can be done in a very simple and straightforward way. At the point when they need a piece of content, say an image from your site, the adequate way is to download it first and afterward upload it to whichever website it is needed for. Tragically, there are site proprietors who decide to get the link of the image and afterward post it on their website.

So every time that piece of content is opened by someone on the internet, it is your server rather than theirs that would have to load the piece of content her image, utilizing your assets. The most awful part is that it won’t assist you with bringing in any more cash or getting clients. So you don’t profit from it by any means. On the off chance that your site is small and still growing, you probably won’t think the issue is too big. But, it will negatively affect the restricted transfer speed you have. Root access becomes an integral factor here to assist you with blocking all hotlinking to various kinds of content on your site. It ensures that your assets are not spent on another person’s site.

5. Utilize outsider applications

The main benefit of having root access is that you can introduce outsider applications that aren’t locally supported by your VPS Hosting supplier. Make the most of this. Utilize outsider cloud-based security applications that can safeguard your site better. You can introduce work process software that will make your business more effective. The potential outcomes are huge here. The thought is to make your site and your business secure and effective at the same time.

6. Restrict access to the internet

A couple of applications need to utilize the web to work. Those applications should move toward the web. But, there is a huge load of applications that don’t need to involve the web for standard working. Ensure that those applications don’t move toward utilizing the web.

Each application getting to the web each time lays out a danger. If applications don’t have to go on the web, they shouldn’t be. Use root admittance to handicap access.


The root access in VPS is a strong way to upgrade your site. It’s an extraordinary tool to extend the workings of your site. The primary obstacle to having root access is that it’s all-powerful. If you don’t have even the remotest clue of what you’re doing, then, there’s a certain probability that you’ll end up eradicating or altering essential records with next to no way to deal with getting back to the past settings or arrangements. However, assuming you’re a trained professional and have an in-house IT bunch, root access is an irrefutable necessity. It permits you to set up your site in the way you want it. It similarly allows you to make adjustments that can achieve more noticeable execution and security.

If you are planning to take VPS Hosting plans from some company, you should ensure that the company has a good history. They must offer their customers fast, reliable as well as secure hosting platforms.

How To Make The Most Of Full Root Access In Dedicated Servers?

Root access to a dedicated server allows for making authoritative level changes to the committed server. At the end of the day, having root access allows you to alter any setting or record on your dedicated server. Experienced IT experts can exploit and enjoy many benefits of having root access. They can streamline a dedicated server for facilitating web benefits without a hitch, safely. 

As a framework director with root access, you oversee your dedicated server. It’s a similar degree of control you would get from an actual devoted server in your office. Read this article to understand what dedicated servers are, what is root access to dedicated servers, and how to make the most of root access to dedicated servers.

What Are Dedicated Servers?

Dedicated servers are amongst the most powerful servers available in the world. In this kind of setup, the entire website along with all the resources is dedicated to one user.  Owing to this, single user interface, resource sharing has been eliminated and dedicated servers can offer advanced security, control, and customization. 

What Is Full Root Access?

Root access is getting to approach the real server of every one of your servers. It doesn’t need to have actual physical access to the server. It will provide you with online login credentials if you have a web host, which will give you access to the inward subtleties and working of the server. 

This implies that once you have full access, you can exercise full command over your primary server, you can do anything you like to – incorporate more sites, introduce or erase any outsider applications and programming, redo it in the manner in which you need to, make changes, or anything you might want to. Everything is made achievable with full root access.

Making The Most Out Of Root Access To A Dedicated Server

You can make the most out of root access to a dedicated server by following these steps:

 1. Ensuring the safety of a dedicated server

Perhaps the main fundamental of network safety is to keep away from the issue totally whenever there’s an open door. A few applications on your Dedicated Server need an internet connection to work. Nonetheless, you’ll observe that there are an entire host of utilizations that do not bother with an internet association to work. Indeed, they might be updated regularly, however, their center capacity doesn’t expect them to be on the web.  You can disable web access for every single such application. 

Each time an application needs to go on the web, your organization is at expected risk. While that might appear as distortion, the truth of the matter is that limiting gamble is the most ideal way to stay away from digital assaults. Crippling web access to explicit applications is a significant piece of that. 

2. Overseeing Software

As a root client, you get consent to oversee programming on your committed server. You are allowed to introduce any program, update it consistently, and distribute it to the server’s clients. You can set client authorizations to permit just specific clients to introduce the product. Requiring administrator authorization to introduce programming adds a layer of safety. It guarantees that nobody will introduce noxious programming on your devoted server.

3. Arranging cPanel

cPanel is the most famous control board for facilitating sites on a server. It furnishes you with a graphical UI to deal with your server. cPanel is exceptionally simple to utilize and you can access it from an internet browser. Typically, you can set up cPanel without root access, yet you’ll require it to design progressed settings. These remember introducing and overseeing add-for programs. As an administrator with root access, you can arrange any setting in cPanel. You can access advancement instruments, arrange web benefits, and even award cPanel support access.

4. Moving Websites

Suppose you’re facilitating your site on a common server and you’re going to move up to a devoted server. To relocate your site from your old to your new server, you will require root access. 

Having root access to your committed server makes site movement a lot more straightforward. You can duplicate your current records from your common to your committed server. The interaction isn’t confused, and you will not lose your information. With root access to your devoted server, your site relocation will go without a hitch. Your site will be going on your strong new devoted server right away.

5. Setting Up Backup

To set up reinforcement on your devoted server, you’ll require root access to reinforcement client records, or roll back design documents. Backing up your server is generally really smart. Along these lines, you can try not to lose information regardless.

6. DNS Settings

Space Name System (DNS) is an administrative framework that interfaces area names with IP addresses. Assuming you might want to design your server’s DNS settings, you will require root access. As a root client, you will want to add new DNS zones, alter them, or erase them. You’ll likewise acquire authorization to reset DNS zones, as well as do a DNS cleanup.

7. IP Address Configuration

Root access to your committed server will give you command over your site’s IP address. You will get to change your IP address, or appoint an IPv6 address. The framework administrator can likewise access the IP relocation wizard. This device can prove to be useful while moving your site.

8. Overseeing SQL Services

Most facilitated web administrations use data sets. With root access, you will want to completely oversee the information bases associated with your web administration. You can set up MySQL information bases and oversee them with phpMyAdmin. For this situation, having root access will be useful.

9. Designing Server Security

Upgraded security is an incredible benefit that accompanies committed servers. On the off chance that you are utilizing a committed server, you get to set up your favored security framework. To do this, you should have root access to your server. This thus permits you to set up security arrangements and introduce security programming to guarantee your facilitated web administration is secure.


Most hosting platforms allow only restricted access to hosting platforms since multiple organizations can be misusing the server resources. Root access on a dedicated server allows you to do all the activities which require taking permission from an administrator. You should use root access to dedicated servers wisely and follow the above-mentioned steps to make the most out of your dedicated server.

How To Self-Host A Website: A Detailed Guide For Beginners

Are you one of those people who don’t understand web development, and have just an overview knowledge about it? Is it something that suggests that you can’t host a website on your own? Then this article has come to your rescue. You can host a website, even if you are a beginner and have a very basic knowledge about it. Nowadays, you can do everything from making a website to designing various elements to hosting it, all by yourself. You just need to know the right resources to use, and you are all set. You need to have the right information on how to use the tools provided. The working of these tools is no rocket science. Anyone with a basic IQ can understand them and get their hands on them in no time.

Self-hosting can take up a lot of your time, but in the end, the miraculous results are what makes it worth all the time and effort. That is the reason why people choose self-hosting as an option. You get a customized version for your website that will provide you with satisfaction and desired results. You can buy a hosting plan and a domain for yourself. The next step is to follow our detailed guide to self-host it. This article will give you a detailed description of the steps involved in self-hosting a website in the simplest possible way.

What Do You Need To Host A Website?

Two things that have already been mentioned in the introduction are required, i.e., a domain name and a good hosting service provider. Without these two, you can’t move ahead. They are the base, and only after you have them can you host your website.

Different Types Of Hosting Services

  • Managed WordPress Hosting

WordPress is one of the top choices for self-hosted websites all over the world. The hosting providers have various plans for WordPress. Not only do they manage to host, but they also provide support in issues related to backups, updates, as well as caching. In other words, Managed WordPress hosting is the key to a scalable website. It is best suited for business websites as well as blogs. 

  • Shared Hosting

When it comes to blogs and small websites, shared hosting is one of the best hosting services to choose from. Though the characteristics and applications of shared hosting are limited, the plans are easily affordable. Besides, the setup process is also simple, making it a suitable choice for beginners and amateurs.

  • Dedicated Hosting

Dedicated hosting is contributing an entire server to a single website. It offers all important resources as well as some advanced tools to manage the server. One can easily manage a website with the basics of technology, as the instructions are easily comprehensible and to the point of dedicated hosting. 

  • VPS Hosting

VPS stands for a Virtual Private Server. A VPS hosting tends to offer flexible resources. By flexible, we mean that the resources are created keeping in mind the changing traffic surge of a website. It helps in managing hosting directly from the control panel. VPS hosting is best suited for e-commerce websites and big websites involving heavy traffic. 

How To Decide Which Type Of Hosting Plan Suits Your Requirements?

You must pay heed to some important details before you finally decide which type of hosting suits your requirements. We have already listed types and explained them, so now you have to understand which one of them suits you perfectly before buying one of them. Choosing without analyzing can create many issues in the future. If you want to create a successfully running  website, skipping the deeper analysis part can be an invitation to failure  

Understanding that no two plans are similar when it comes to hosting is essential. Plans are always different and have a specific set of features that they provide. It is on the website admins to decide the kind of plan that would work for their website. You have to look at the prospects of the website and many other factors. Your hosting plan should fulfill your business requirements, otherwise, your investment in it will be in vain.

If you make the wrong choice, your website may not function as you had planned. This is something that will create problems that might not be visible on the front, but the backend will be negatively affected because of it. To help you make a wise choice, we have listed some points below.

  • Choose The Hosting Company Wisely

Before you decide on the hosting plan, you need to decide what company you will be buying that hosting plan from. It is on you and your team to do proper research and find the best companies on your budget. Make a note of the services that they provide and their prices. You must also make sure that their service quality is according to the market standards. There might be some providers who look cheap but they might not provide you with exactly what you need. You need to be aware of such details to make an informed decision. It will take some time and effort to find the right company but once you find it, more than half of your work is done. The teams at the companies themselves help the clients to find the best plan that can suit their business requirements.

  • Host On Your Desktop

You need a different type of hosting if you want to host your website on your desktop. Most people host their website on their computer before making it live for other people. This is something that is done so that any issues with running the website can be handled in advance so that they don’t show up on the main page. You might need to understand this by taking help from some tutorials from either WordPress or someone who has expertise in this area. You can also learn this for free easily through Youtube.

  • Know What Is Exactly Needed According To Your Future Plans

You need to keep the future of the website in mind. It might be possible that shared hosting seems like the better option initially, but if the requirements change later, you might require a dedicated hosting platform. Always have a clear plan ready while choosing the hosting plan.

Important Facts That You Should Know

  • Self-hosted websites are extremely helpful in a startup. Here, small businesses and beginners get the benefit of valuable features and resources. It will eventually help in scaling the website or even customizing it when required. 
  • When it comes to choosing a hosting plan, one has to think intelligently. You must never go after saving money and compromise with advantages. Always try to choose a reliable hosting company that offers all the necessary features to build and maintain a scalable website. Additionally, they provide 24/7 support. In case any mishap occurs, they will give you the required support immediately. This will ensure a smooth hosting process.
  • Once the website is hosted, it can be migrated or moved to a new host. The majority of the hosting providers allow you to shift your website from one provider to another. 


While creating a website, a good hosting platform makes a huge difference. Thus, one must not act impulsively. Rather, they must do proper research and choose according to their needs. Some basic things that need to be taken care of are- a smooth and user-friendly control panel, easy set-up, and a secure and beginner-friendly dashboard. 

How to Prevent Server Downtime

When running a business or online store, it is expected that your customers are able to access your site anytime they choose to shop. Websites that offer a good or service to those visitors must be online, regardless of day or time, to accommodate all possible traffic or consumers. If, for whatever reason, a site or server becomes unreachable, called downtime, or an outage, the reputation of the business and the site can be at stake. 

Understanding server downtime, taking it seriously, and preparing for severe issues may help mitigate or eliminate the impact of unanticipated challenges.

What Is Server Downtime?

Server downtime is encountered if you can not reach your on-site or host server over the web. It may imply a website is:

  • Non-responsive because of the timeout or failure of the Website application
  • Not fully charged
  • Presenting a mistake of some kind
  • Depending on the application of a third party or component that works poorly
  • Absence of critical components required for the effective operation of the site
  • Not operating in a way that visitors can use the site as anticipated.

What Causes Server Downtime?

The reasons why a website or server may be down are almost infinite. From floods to fires (or any natural catastrophe) and plain human error, virtually every day, something may bring the website to a standstill, regardless of your location.

Researchers have divided causes into three categories:

  1. Physical Issues

Internet connectivity servers rely on a complex combination of network cables, electricity, and hardware components. Any problem with one of your hosting infrastructure’s physical components may result in a possible outage.

Some components may even be outside the control of your infrastructure and the data center, such as fiber reductions affecting an upstream ISP (ISP).

  1. Software Issues

Every server runs some software in which every program might face some issues. These may be difficulties caused by a flaw in the software itself or an administrator’s setup mistake. Software problems may also occur in a way that does not prohibit your website from functioning efficiently for income generation but the program may not be available on the web. For example, a person uses a third-party payment processor and has a problem. 

It seems like your site is ready for the transaction, but your clients are not able to complete the purchase. It is a kind of downtime that does not include a single component of your website.

  1. Human issues

The site may have downtime owing to an error committed by a manager or the data center staff where people host it. It can even be caused by a malevolent person that has unauthorized access to your website and servers. By our nature, we are prone to making mistakes.

Entire sections of the Internet got deleted when a network administrator erroneously entered the wrong command on the Internet service provider’s router. Google faced downtime because an engineer automated a procedure that negatively affected hundreds of servers. There was an outage on Facebook because someone mistakenly neglected to renew an SSL certificate. These were all fundamental, inadvertent errors made by humans.

How to Avoid Server Downtime?

The notion of never experiencing downtime is nearly impossible. However, even the largest companies and the most recognized websites last. These companies typically offer 99.999 percent (“five nines”), which means downtime less than approximately 6 minutes per year. It contributes to reducing the effect of the difficulties.

Best Techniques For Avoiding Server Downtime

Given below are the four best techniques to help avoid server downtime-

  1. Monitoring And Alerting Systems

One of the most important techniques for preventing downtime is to always be aware of the happenings within your infrastructure. To achieve this, you need to monitor your performance and have a threat detecting infrastructure.

Numerous software packages and services exist to provide you with an idea of your infrastructure and site (such as Grafana, Munin, or Pingdom). These services let you monitor the health of the servers. They help in monitoring the following aspects-

  • Load server
  • The capacity of a disk
  • Health of hardware
  • Load times page
  • Status of software

The identification and monitoring of threats are also essential to prevent harmful software and hackers. Software like the Intrusion Detection System of Threat Stack Oversight and the Security & Compliance Suite for Alert Logic helps you with:

  • Monitoring of threats
  • Detection of intrusion
  • Response to an event 24/7

People may also use off-network services to learn how users that visit their website experience it. This helps them in learning what time does it take for the website to get fully loaded from different service providers that have difficulties contacting their site. Early detection of possible technical issues can help you overcome a potential problem or prevent it from becoming an issue that leads to downtime.

  1. High Availability

Sites can withstand different types of physical losses, for example- server hardware failure or server power outage. The first task is to make sure that a high-value setup (HA) is employed.

High availability might get accomplished with one server (which we might name main), but with a secondary server, it sits and awaits an event, such as a traffic increase. This second server syncs data and files with the primary server continuously. When the primary server has a problem, the backup server takes over very quickly and continues to serve its site. This type of connection can be called automated or active/passive and is quite frequent, particularly with database servers.

Another highly available type is an active/active server connection. In this kind of HA, you have two servers that receive and retrieve data concurrently from the visitor while syncing data. The additional advantage is that the backup server does not take over if there is a problem. An active HA system is far more sophisticated, requiring extensive planning and monitoring to ensure that people feel secure. It also safeguards SMEs with mission-critical workloads or applications that must remain online.

  1. Geography Redundancy

Another notion of high availability is to have your hosting infrastructure situated in a wide range of geographically distant places. The concept is that if there is a natural disaster or catastrophic power loss, the infrastructure gets separated by a distance enough not to affect both sites. It is one of the most efficient strategies to ensure your site stays online.

Location systems are extremely sophisticated and sometimes require several services and monitoring solutions to transfer the efficiency from location A to location B. Data sync (to ensure that any locations your visitor’s access are mirrored by each other), changes in DNS (needed to send your customer browser to the right place when a site goes offline), and multiple medical checks (to ensure that a merely failed ping does not interfere with the entire site). These kinds of setups are usually designed for when the application or website has to necessarily be running all the time.

  1. Code Versioning and Reverting

In the article, we have barely discussed the concept of human errors that might cause failures. The implementation of proper precautionary steps can reduce its impact and danger. However, mistakes and failures do occur. To circumvent this, you may use code versioning to minimize downtime following a recent upgrade. This continuously changing record lets you quickly follow what has been done and tells exactly when a breakdown occurred and what has to be done to repair it.


Server downtime is a potentially harmful business occurrence. At some point, almost every site has some downtimes, but this is an issue outside their control. There are numerous causes and probable faults while hosting a site. All of this can cause visitors to have a bad experience or prevent them from having full access to your site.